|Total area size||0 ha|
The Carpathian landscape is characterized by high mountains ranging between 600 and 2,700 metres above sea level. Major habitat features are natural mixed mountain forests naturally composed by beech, spruce and fir, but often replaced by spruce monocultures. Above 1,700m typical vast natural or semi-natural alpine meadows characterize the habitat.
The Carpathians are a huge mountain range spreading from the north western end about 50 km north-east of Bratislava in Slovakia to the south-eastern end about 50 km north of Ploesti in Romania. Human population density is generally low, in some areas even below 5 people per km2. Around recreational areas (e.g. Tatras) population density and tourist pressure are extremely high. Local people live mostly a traditional lifestyle (agriculture and forestry).
There are major differences among various parts of the mountain range resulting from geology, climate, vegetation, management etc. It is the last relatively unspoiled area of this size in Central and Eastern Europe and it contains important refuges of many rare or endangered species. Especially its function as a migration route for large mammals is very important.
The Carpathians are inhabited by all European species of large carnivores except the Wolverine.
For Brown bears, wolves and lynxes this mountain range is the largest remaining refuge and migrating corridor in Central and Eastern Europe. Densities of those species are locally quite high like Brown bears in Romania or wolves in Polish Bieszczady.
Unfortunately, there is no coordination and agreement regarding the approach to those species among neighbouring countries. In many cases, species that are legally protected in one country are hunted just across the national border. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a mutual agreement on the status of large carnivores, their conservancy and/or management among all Carpathian countries on eco-regional scale. A national action plan is being developed under the LCIE.
If you have any comments on this map, please send your suggestions for improvement.